Passport, Visa , Health Glossary

The used terms of this website explained

China (People's Rep.) travel documents
Care should be taken when reading and interpreting entry requirements for nationals of mainland China (People's Rep.), as these may differ considerably from the requirements applicable to nationals of China (People's Rep.) holding:
  • Hong Kong (SAR China) travel documents
  • Macao (SAR China) travel documents
Furthermore, these requirements also differ to those required of nationals of Chinese Taipei (Republic of China or Taiwan).
Note: SAR = Special Administrative Region

 
Cholera
International Certificate of Vaccination or revaccination:
In the most recently issued International Certificate of Vaccination , the World Health Organization did not include a separate vaccination certificate against cholera. If vaccination against cholera is performed it can be entered in the space for other vaccinations . However, the booklets containing the separate vaccination certificate against cholera can still be used.

Measures by health authorities in case of non-compliance with the health regulations:
  • Surveillance 5 days if not arriving from an infected area.
  • Quarantine (periods reckoned from day of departure) 5 days (or: until certificate becomes valid whichever occurs first) if arriving from an infected area.
Period of validity:
In case of primary vaccination: 6 months, beginning 6 days after first injection. In case of revaccination within the 6 month period: 6 months, beginning on date of revaccination. The old certificate has to be shown during the first 6 days after revaccination.

Protection:
  • Some countries still require vaccination even though such a requirement cannot be justified as a means of preventing spread of the disease.
  • Cholera vaccination is not routinely recommended by the world health organization. It does not give personal protection and travellers should always pay careful attention to food and water in endemic countries. They should drink only treated or bottled water, avoid uncooked vegetables and fruit, and pay attention to personal hygiene.
  • However, for some countries, vaccination cholera could be considered as a justified additional personal measure.
  • If a traveller should become ill with diarrhoea after returning home the physician should be informed that the traveller has visited a cholera-infected country so that a rapid diagnosis may be made and treatment started.

 
Cholera Infected Areas
Cholera Infected Areas exist in:
  • AFGHANISTAN (AF)
  • ANGOLA (AO)
  • BENIN (REPUBLIC) (BJ)
  • BHUTAN (BT)
  • BRAZIL (BR)
  • BURKINA FASO (BF)
  • BURUNDI (BI)
  • CAMBODIA (KH)
  • CAMEROON (CM)
  • CAPE VERDE ISLANDS (CV)
  • CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC (CF)
  • CHAD (TD)
  • CHINA (PEOPLE'S REP.) (CN)
  • COMORES ISLANDS (KM)
  • CONGO (BRAZZAVILLE) (CG)
  • CONGO (KINSHASA) (CD)
  • COTE D'IVOIRE (CI)
  • DJIBOUTI (REPUBLIC) (DJ)
  • ECUADOR (EC)
  • EL SALVADOR (SV)
  • GHANA (GH)
  • GUATEMALA (GT)
  • GUINEA (REPUBLIC OF) (GN)
  • GUINEA-BISSAU (GW)
  • INDIA (IN)
  • IRAN (ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF) (IR)
  • IRAQ (IQ)
  • KENYA (KE)
  • LAOS (LA)
  • LIBERIA (LR)
  • MADAGASCAR (DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC) (MG)
  • MALAWI (MW)
  • MALI (ML)
  • MAURITANIA (MR)
  • MOZAMBIQUE (MZ)
  • MYANMAR (MM)
  • NEPAL (NP)
  • NICARAGUA (NI)
  • NIGER (NE)
  • NIGERIA (NG)
  • PERU (PE)
  • PHILIPPINES (PH)
  • RWANDA (RW)
  • SAO TOME & PRINCIPE (ST)
  • SENEGAL (SN)
  • SIERRA LEONE (SL)
  • SOMALIA (SO)
  • SOUTH AFRICA (ZA)
  • SWAZILAND (SZ)
  • TANZANIA (UNITED REPUBLIC OF) (TZ)
  • TOGO (TG)
  • UGANDA (UG)
  • VENEZUELA (VE)
  • VIETNAM (VN)
  • ZAMBIA (ZM)
  • ZIMBABWE (ZW)
An infected area for cholera is no longer considered infected if at least twice the incubation period of five days has elapsed since the last case of the disease has died, recovered, or been isolated.

 
Commonwealth of Nations
The Commonwealth of Nations includes: Antigua and Barbuda, Australia, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belize, Botswana, Brunei, Cameroon, Canada, Cyprus, Dominica, Fiji, Gambia, Ghana,Grenada, Guyana, India, Jamaica, Kenya, Kiribati, Lesotho, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Malta, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Nauru, New Zealand, Nigeria, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Solomon Is., South Africa, Sri Lanka, St. Kitts & Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent & the Grenadines, Swaziland, Tanzania, Tonga, Trinidad & Tobago, Tuvalu, Uganda, the United Kingdom of Great Britain & N. Ireland, Vanuatu, Zambia, Zimbabwe (temporarily suspended). The following territories dependent on the United Kingdom: Anguilla; Bermuda; British Antarctic Territory; British Indian Ocean Territory; Cayman Islands; Falkland Islands and dependencies; Gibraltar; Montserrat; Pitcairn, Henderson, Ducie and Oeno Islands; St. Helena and dependencies; the Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia (i.e. areas mentioned in section 2(1) of the Cyprus Act 1960); Turks and Caicos Islands; Virgin Islands. The following territories dependent on Australia: Australian Antarctic Territory, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Christmas Island and Norfolk Island. The following territories overseas dependent on New Zealand: Tokelau Islands and Ross Dependency. The following islands which are self-governing in free association with New Zealand: Cook Islands, Niue.
.
Procedure for ascertaining nationality/citizenship: in case a passport issued by a commonwealth country other than the U.K. bears, in addition to the annotation British Subject, the annotation Citizen of ... (one of the commonwealth countries other than "United Kingdom and colonies), the last mentioned citizenship/nationality prevails. Consequently for entry regulations (visa exemptions) of the various countries, the holder of such a passport must not be considered a British Subject, but a national of ...(one of the commonwealth countries other than the United Kingdom and colonies).

 
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of wild fauna and flora (CITES)
Many species of wild fauna and flora are protected by the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of wild fauna and flora (CITES). International trade in such species is also regulated by CITES through a system of export and, for the most endangered species, import permits. This directly influences the import and export of related personal effects or tourist souvenirs. Because CITES governs not only live animals and plants but also their parts and derivatives, travellers are recommended to check if any such item they would like to purchase falls under those regulations before attempting to export it.

Pets, which are listed in TIM under 5. Customs, may also be subject to CITES if they are not domestic animals. Their transport, therefore, from one country to another might be subject to CITES regulations.

The following countries have CITES membership:
Afghanistan, Algeria, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Canada, Central African Rep., Chad, Chile, China (People's Rep.), Colombia, Comores Isl., Congo (Brazzaville), Congo (Kinshasa), Costa Rica, Cote d'Ivoire, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Rep., Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Rep., Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea Rep., Guyana, Honduras, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Iran, Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kenya, Korea Rep., Liberia, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Madagascar (Dem. Rep.), Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Malta, Mauritius, Mexico, Monaco, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russian Fed., Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovak Rep., Somalia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, St. Kitts-Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Sudan, Suriname, Sweden, Switzerland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad & Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, Uruguay, U.S.A., Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

The list of species regulated under the convention is too extensive to show in this service. Therefore you will find below some items which may serve as examples:
  • live animals and plants, e.g. monkeys, wild cats, parrots, lizards, snakes, chameleons, orchids, cacti, etc;
  • products such as furs (tiger, leopard, jaguar, cheetah, lion etc.), handbags, belts, purses, crocodile, cobra, python, lizard, etc.), turtle shell and skin items
  • ivory carvings, stuffed specimens etc.
The complete list of protected species is published in the IATA live animals regulations. In each CITES member state, one or more management authorities are designated for CITES purposes (including information and permit issuance). The list of these management authorities is also provided in the IATA live animals regulations. Further information may be obtained from the:
CITES secretariat:
15 Chemin des Anemones
Case Postal 456
CH-1219 Chatelaine-Geneva
Switzerland.

Warning: customs can confiscate protected species.

 
Crew
Depending on individual country requirements, in addition to their national passports where applicable, crew members may be required to show:
  • General Declaration Form containing information on crew members based on flight details; and
  • Crew Member Certificate or Crew Member Licence issued by the National Aviation Authority of a country, under the agreement of the ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organization).
These documents show a photograph of the bearer as well as personal details, such as full name, sex, nationality, date of birth, occupation, place of issue and signature on behalf of the issuing authority.

 
Currency
Currency regulations are given for import and export of currency based on normal travelling and hotel expenses. For regulations concerning current payments and capital payments consult the national bank of the country concerned.

 

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