Passport, Visa , Health Glossary

The used terms of this website explained

Yellow Fever
Yellow Fever is the only vaccination specifically required. Vaccination is required when traveling to a country that requires an ICVP stating that the holder has been vaccinated against yellow fever because the country is at risk from yellow fever transmission or because the traveler has traveled through a country at risk of yellow fever transmission. Risk of yellow fever transmission is defined as yellow fever being currently reported or having been reported in the past and presence of animals or microorganisms representing a potential risk of infection and transmission.

International Certificate of Vaccination or Prophylaxis
(ICVP) is used to record vaccinations or other preventative measures that have been administered and has replaced the "International Certificate of Vaccination or Revaccinations against Yellow Fever".
  1. If vaccinations are required, passengers should contact their doctor or other recognized travel health care specialists.
  2. The ICVP booklet, must be duly filled in, signed and stamped by the vaccinator.
  3. The ICVP in addition to being issued by country health administrations, are also valid when originating from the health services of specialized agencies of the United Nations, for example FAO, UNESCO, WHO, etc. These certificates should be signed by the vaccinator and carry the official stamp of the Agency concerned.
  4. To be considered as a valid document, the ICVP must be printed in English and French, although a third language may be added. The certificate must be fully and correctly completed in English or French. Completion in another language in addition is not excluded. Only accept loose vaccination certificates if they are in conformity with those in the booklet.
An ICVP is an individual certificate and should not be used collectively. Passengers who are exempt from yellow fever vaccination on medical grounds, must hold a certificate of contraindication on medical grounds, clearly stating the contraindications to vaccination and bearing the stamp used by the yellow fever vaccination center to validate the ICVP.

Period of validity:
An ICVP becomes valid 10 days after vaccination. Starting from 11 July 2016, the period of validity of vaccination against yellow fever changed from 10 years to the entire duration of the life of the person vaccinated. This change was approved by all WHO member States and is captured in the current International Health Regulations. Therefore, all ICVP documenting the administration of one dose of vaccine against yellow fever, at any point in time, must be considered valid. Accordingly, revaccination is not required and certificates of vaccination cannot be rejected on the ground that more than ten years have passed since the vaccination became effective. Some countries have not yet aligned their policy and practice with the International Health Regulations. This information as well as all other ICVP requirements and recommendations are specified under the health section of each country, when applicable.

Roles and Responsibilities of Health Authorities
  • Surveillance: none.
  • Quarantine (periods calculated from day of departure): 6 days (or until certificate becomes valid whichever occurs first) if arriving from countries with risk of yellow fever transmission. Quarantine expenses are to be charged to the passenger and shall not be borne by the air carrier concerned.
Infected areas:
See General Health Section

Yellow fever endemic areas:
"Yellow fever endemic areas" are areas in which aedes aegypti (mosquito) or any other domiciliary vector of yellow fever is present but is not obviously responsible for the maintenance of the virus which persists among jungle animals over long periods of time.

Countries/territories at risk for yellow fever transmission
Countries/territories at risk for yellow fever transmission, according to the World Health Organization:
Africa:
  • Angola
  • Benin
  • Burkina Faso
  • Burundi
  • Cameroon
  • Central African Rep.
  • Chad
  • Congo
  • Congo (Dem. Rep.)
  • Cote d'Ivoire
  • Equatorial Guinea
  • Ethiopia
  • Gabon
  • Gambia
  • Ghana
  • Guinea-Bissau
  • Guinea
  • Kenya
  • Liberia
  • Mali
  • Mauritania
  • Niger
  • Nigeria
  • Rwanda
  • Senegal
  • Sierra Leone
  • South Sudan
  • Sudan
  • Togo
  • Uganda
Central and South America:
  • Argentina
  • Bolivia
  • Brazil
  • Colombia
  • Ecuador
  • French Guiana
  • Guyana
  • Panama
  • Paraguay
  • Peru
  • Suriname
  • Trinidad and Tobago
  • Venezuela

 

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